Forex encyclopedia

Forex market has its driving forces. Such forces are participants of market. For clarity, it is accepted to divide them into several types: bulls, bears, pigs, rabbits, hogs, lambs. In this zoo, driving forces are exactly bulls and bears. Their clear intentions and determination can greatly influence currency rates. This terminology was adopted from stock market, where emotions play not the last role in movement of quotes, thus, analogy with animals and their typical behaviour provides a clear idea on psychology of market participant.
GDP deflator is the ratio of nominal GDP to its base value, which, as a rule, is expressed as percentage. This term was introduced because of necessity of a correct correlation of GDP figures for different periods of year under conditions of sharp change of structure of prices. As a result, GDP can be calculated in current prices, and this value is accepted as nominal. Also GDP can be calculated in prices of a certain year taken as basic, and resulted value is known as basic (or real). In the USA 1996 year is used as the basic. Thus, we get formula: GDP deflator = Nominal GDP/ Real GDP
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Forex encyclopedia
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